3. bool

3.1. Defining bool

  • True - Positive value
  • False - Negative value
  • First letter capitalized, other are lower cased
my_var = True
my_var = False

3.2. Converting to bool

  • Also known as “type casting”
  • float() converts argument to float
bool(1)                     # True
bool(0)                     # False
bool(1.0)                   # True
bool(0.0)                   # False
bool('José')                # True
bool('')                    # False

3.3. Negative values

  • False
  • 0
  • 0.0
  • () - empty tuple
  • {} - empty dict
  • [] - empty list
  • '' - empty str
  • set() - empty set
  • None

3.4. Boolean logic

3.4.1. Using and

True and True               # True
True and False              # False
False and True              # False
False and False             # False
1 and 1                     # True
1 and 0                     # False
0 and 1                     # False
0 and 0                     # False
'José' and 'Иван'           # True
'José' and ''               # False
'' and 'José'               # False
'' and ''                   # False

3.4.2. Using or

True or True                # True
True or False               # True
False or True               # True
False or False              # False
1 or 1                      # True
1 or 0                      # True
0 or 1                      # True
0 or 0                      # False
'José' or 'Иван'            # True
'José' or ''                # True
'' or 'José'                # True
'' or ''                    # False

3.4.3. Using both: or and and

True and True or False      # True
True and False or False     # False
False and False or True     # True

3.5. Logic operators

Tab. 3.2. Logic operators
Operand Example Description
x < y x < 18 value of x is less than y
x <= y x <= 18 value of x is less or equal y
x > y x > 18 value of x is greater than y
x >= y x >= 18 value of x is greater or equal than y
x == y x == 18 value of x is equal to y
x != y x != 18 value of x is not equal to y
x is y x is None x is the same object as y
x is not y x is not None x is not the same object as y

3.6. Assignments

3.6.1. True of False

  • Filename: types_bool_or_none.py
  • Lines of code to write: 10 lines
  • Estimated time of completion: 5 min
  1. Co należy podstawić do zmiennych aby wyrażenia poniżej zgadzały się z wartością oczekiwaną?

    a = bool(...) == True                          # True
    b = bool(...) == False                         # True
    c = ... == True                                # True
    d = ... != False                               # True
    e = ... or ...                                 # True
    f = ... and ...                                # False
    g = bool(bool(...) == False) or False          # True
    h = ... is None                                # True
    i = ... is not None                            # False
    j = bool(...) is not bool(...)                 # False
    
    print(a)  # True
    print(b)  # True
    print(c)  # True
    print(d)  # True
    print(e)  # True
    print(f)  # False
    print(g)  # True
    print(h)  # True
    print(i)  # False
    print(j)  # False
    
  2. Zadanie dla chętnych:

    k = bool(bool(...) is not bool(...)) == False  # True
    l = (bool(bool(...) is not bool(...)) == False and bool(...))   # False
    m = (bool(bool(...) is not bool(...)) == False and bool(...)) and (... is not None)   # False
    
    print(k)  # True
    print(l)  # False
    print(m)  # False
    
The whys and wherefores:
 
  • Definiowanie zmiennych
  • Konwersja typów
  • Typy logiczne